Many peasant friends want to develop grapes on a large scale. I have received phone calls from all over the country, asked a number of questions, gathered them together, talked about their views, and made reference for farmers' friends.
First, variety problems There are many grape varieties in the world, more than 8,600. As far as fresh foods are concerned, there are currently more than 100 in the Chinese market. As a breed, it has its advantages and characteristics. However, in different years, the selected varieties have their own priorities. In the 1980s, most of the country planted huge peaks; in the 1990s, the country focused again on red. I want to grow grapes, what variety is good? This question is not good enough to answer because different regions have their own constraints. However, from a macro perspective, the development of grapes in recent years can be talked about the development direction. One must pay attention to the development of early maturing varieties and late-maturing varieties. In China since the 1980s, until the mid-1990s, the nationwide development of the Kyoho grape has so far accounted for more than 75% of the fresh food regardless of area or output. Concentrated listing, the price is flat, if you develop similar varieties, it is difficult to sell a good price. According to the current grape market, the prices of early and late-maturing grapes are higher than those of Kyoho grapes. In general, early-maturing grapes are about one month older than Kyoho, and late-maturing grapes are about one month later than Kyoho. The second is to develop seedless varieties. The non-nuclear grape market in developed countries has broad prospects. Third, pay attention to developing scented varieties. All scented varieties are relatively popular in the market.
Second, technical issues In the development of grapes, the two issues are the most critical, one is the species, the second is technology. Without technology, even the best varieties are difficult to grow well; with the technology, almost all varieties can be cultivated successfully. In the process of viticulture, during different periods, its technical focus is also different. For example, when planting a garden, planting and keeping living technology is the key point; after survival, ensuring strong growth is the key technology; after plant formation, controlling vegetative growth and promoting its physiological growth is Technical focus; After the grapes result, the maintenance of fruit is not a technical priority. In the whole process of grape management, prevention and treatment of diseases is the key point from beginning to end. Planting grapes must understand the technological priorities of different periods from a macroscopic perspective, and master these technologies, then they will have the initiative in the whole process of management. When they are seriously operated in different periods, there will be no big mistakes.
Third, the climate problem China's vast geographical, southern and northern climates are different, in general, South China's high temperature and humidity, if the grapes planted in the open, which should focus on the selection of hybrid disease resistance to Europe and the United States, good varieties of high yield. The climate in northern China is mainly due to low winter temperatures, and low temperatures can reach 35Â°C below zero. This should focus on the selection of cold-tolerant varieties, while in the west, such as Xinjiang and Gansu, where there is no rain and drought, we should pay attention to selecting anti-arid varieties. If facilities are cultivated, most varieties can be planted either in the south or the north.
Fourth, soil problems The adaptability of the grapes is very strong, but in spite of this, it is still better to strive to choose slightly acidic and slightly alkaline soils. In the local conditions, the best choice for hillside, floodplain. These lands are often abandoned and planted, and planting trenches are set aside, and more organic fertilizers are added. The quality of grapes produced is often better than flat land. Because of the high content of minerals in these areas, the show is good. Heavy alkali, heavy acid soil is best not to grow grapes.
V. Seedling purity, quality problems Many fruit growers have low prices for figuring and seedlings when they introduce seedlings. They buy the fake seedlings, or buy fake seedlings, or buy hybrid seedlings, or buy sick and weak seedlings, which can seriously affect planting plans. And benefits. This requires careful investigation and understanding of the plant for seedlings before planting grapes. It is best to look at the comparison, to have a variety of demonstration parks, there are nursery bases, there are regular technical units seedlings.
Six, sales issues As for the sales approach, sales channels, is a wide variety, a small amount of planting, retail can be; scale planting, can be wholesale in the local agricultural wholesale market. Many fruit distributors will also come to the goods, wholesale land. If you produce fine fruit, direct marketing supermarkets. Late-maturing varieties can be stored in air-conditioned storage. Until New Year's Day, Spring Festival and Spring Sale will not only regulate the market, but will also earn high profits.
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